The company had suspended Viga's B7 dam and plant last week in line with a court decision regarding B7's operating permit, which it had vowed to challenge.
The suspension had meant a loss of 11,000 tonnes per day of iron ore production.
Vale said late last week a magistrate considered Vale had "filled in all the due legal requirements for the permits issuance" and it resumed Viga's plant that night.
Viga's plant had also been suspended a year ago, weeks after Vale's acquisition, with the miner then citing an "inconsistency" related to the operating permit.
Its tailings facilities have been under increased scrutiny following its Brumadinho dam failure in January 2019 which killed 270 people.
About one-third of structures unstable
In a separate update last week, Vale said 104 of its structures had been evaluated under the Engineer of Record continuous monitoring model, with 33 not receiving positive stability condition declarations (DCEs).
It also said its Xingu dam's emergency level was raised from one to two on September 29 after being reclassified from a drained stack to an upstream tailings dam.
Vale said it was working to implement the new Global Industry Standard on Tailings Management together with its new tailings management system.
Vale is meanwhile reportedly in talks with Tesla and others in the electric vehicle supply chain about securing nickel from its Canada operations.
Vale's executive director of base metals Mark Travers told Reuters on Friday the miner had "absolutely" held discussions with Tesla.
Tesla CEO Elon Musk said last month the company was having "good calls" with the world's major miners.
Musk said at the Battery Day event Tesla's new, larger 4680 cell design used cobalt-free cathodes with a high nickel content, as the company embraced a mine-to-battery approach to drive battery costs lower, increase manufacturing efficiencies and accelerate the world's transition to sustainable energy.
Vale closed down 0.9% in Brazil on Friday to BRL58.32, at the upper end of a one-year range and capitalising the miner about US$55 billion.