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Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy

Water is critical to mining operations and effective water management has long been a focus for miners as they work to improve usage efficiency, reduce environmental impacts and support local community development. There is a direct relationship, or nexus, between water and energy at a mine with profound implications for the bottom line and also for ESG considerations.

Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy Energy supply depends on water; water supply depends on energy

The eMalahleni water plant in South Africa

In Environmental Governance in Latin America (2016), Cristian Parker et al observed, "a struggle for legitimacy going on between conflicting discourses", between the company view that mining can be