Palladium last traded at US$1,183.40 an ounce on the spot market, up from the previous high of $1,144/oz reported last month and well above August's $844/oz.
Bloomberg reported demand was roaring thanks to China's push to reduce smog, with the tougher pollution standards meaning car makers were using more palladium in catalytic converters.
"The market has a very positive fundamental outlook," Aberdeen Standard Investments investment strategy director Maxwell Gold told the wire service.
"Supply's certainly been an issue on the mining front as well as the draw-down of existing stockpiles."
The price has already surpassed the record tipped by Metals Focus last month, with founding director Philip Newman telling Mining Journal at the time they expected palladium to remain the best performer among precious metals in 2019 thanks to it enjoying the strongest supply and demand fundamentals.
Bloomberg noted one threat to palladium could be substitution with similar metal, platinum, however Standard Chartered Bank precious metal analyst Suki Cooper said that was unlikely to be an issue in the immediate future.
The chart from Bloomberg below illustrates the rise in the palladium spot price over the past five years.