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Executive Summary: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Executive Summary: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

The flip side of risk is opportunity

The flip side of risk is opportunity

Mining can be a risky business and those risks are often formidable.

Governance: Dig for legitimacy: entrenching ESG

Governance: Dig for legitimacy: entrenching ESG

Environmental and social governance was regarded by the industry as "nice to have" but not essential

Investment Risk Index: Methodology

Investment Risk Index: Methodology

The Investment Risk Index methodology is based on an in-depth industry consultation process

Governance: Africa jurisdictions retain troubled profile

Governance: Africa jurisdictions retain troubled profile

The biggest disappointment on an adjusted basis is Africa

Legal: Coming to terms with regulatory risk

Legal: Coming to terms with regulatory risk

Resource nationalism is continuing to influence the regulatory landscape

Appendix: Tailings Review

Appendix: Tailings Review

Technology, investors to drive cultural shift

Infrastructure: Infrastructure ecosystems in mining

Infrastructure: Infrastructure ecosystems in mining

The way we establish infrastructure in emerging economies will increasingly dictate project approval

Social: LatAm struggles as Asia creeps forward

Social: LatAm struggles as Asia creeps forward

The adjusted global average in the Social category has drifted marginally southward

Legal: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Legal: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Social: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Social: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Governance: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Governance: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

General: Introduction and Methodology

General: Introduction and Methodology

The data used for the General Risk section of was collected by the World Risk Survey

Fiscal: US takes a knock, Asia makes up ground

Fiscal: US takes a knock, Asia makes up ground

"if you suddenly start seeing big movements then the perception is that risk is increasing"